Opportunities and Challenges of Industrialization of Hydrogen Production from Natural Seawater


  • Austin Kingson Feng Chia University




industrialization, hydrogen, natural seawater, renewable energy


Humans have always been looking for sustainable renewable energy, whether from coal, natural gas, hydropower, nuclear energy, solar energy, wind energy, solar thermal energy, hydrogen energy, etc., each energy has its advantages and disadvantages! 2019 Kuang et al. published "Solar-driven, highly sustained splitting of seawater into hydrogen and oxygen fuels" this paper has given the author a great level of research interest in this topic! The researcher tried to explore the challenges and opportunities that this method actually applied to mass production by thinking about various angles.


Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs (2007). 2007 White Paper on Energy Technology Research and Development. http://www.moeaboe.gov.tw/Policy/PoMain.aspx?PageId=energytechwhitepaper

Crump, D. (2010). Integrating Controls for Hydrogen Production. CONTROL ENGINEERING, 57(2), 53-+.

Fujishima, A., & Honda, K. (1972). TiO2 photoelectrochemistry and photocatalysis. Nature, 238(5358), 37-38.

Guo, L., Yang, Z., Marcus, K., Li, Z., Luo, B., Zhou, L., ... & Yang, Y. (2018). MoS 2/TiO 2 heterostructures as nonmetal plasmonic photocatalysts for highly efficient hydrogen evolution. Energy & Environmental Science, 11(1), 106-114.

Kuang, Y., Kenney, M. J., Meng, Y., Hung, W. H., Liu, Y., Huang, J. E., ... & Lin, M. C. (2019). Solar-driven highly sustained splitting of seawater into hydrogen and oxygen fuels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(14), 6624-6629.

Minoura, H., Oki, T., & Tsuiki, M. (1976). CdS-electrochemical photocell with S2− ion-containing electrolyte. Chemistry Letters, 5(11), 1279-1282.

Pratt, J. W., & Burgard, J. (2016). Zero Emissions Ferry: Using Liquid Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel (No. SAND2016-11147C). Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States).

Qi, Y., Zhao, Y., Gao, Y., Li, D., Li, Z., Zhang, F., & Li, C. (2018). Redox-based visible-light-driven Z-scheme overall water splitting with apparent quantum efficiency exceeding 10%. Joule, 2(11), 2393-2402.

Sapountzi, F. M., Gracia, J. M., Fredriksson, H. O., & Niemantsverdriet, J. H. (2017). Electrocatalysts for the generation of hydrogen, oxygen, and synthesis gas. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 58, 1-35.

Sultan, S., Tiwari, J. N., Singh, A. N., Zhumagali, S., Ha, M., Myung, C. W., ... & Kim, K. S. (2019). Single atoms and clusters based nanomaterials for hydrogen evolution, oxygen evolution reactions, and full water splitting. Advanced Energy Materials, 9(22), 1900624.

Titscher, S., Meyer, M., Wodak, R., & Vetter, E. (2000). Methods of text and discourse analysis: In search of meaning. Sage.

Verne, J. (2002). The Mysterious Island, 1874. Trans. Jordan Stump. New York: Modern Library. Wang Qichuan, 2007 Energy Technology Development White Paper, Energy Bureau, Ministry of

Economic Affairs, 2007

Zhang Zhaoxian, Cai Tianxiao (2009). Titanium Electrode Reaction Engineering, ISBN: 978-7-

-4873-8, Beijing: Central South University Press