Optimization of Firefighting Posts in Tabanan District
Keywords:Fire station, optimization, set covering problem, excel solver, QGIS
AbstractTabanan is one of the districts in Bali which has ten sub-districts. The size of site in Tabanan will affect the handling of fire incidents in each area in Tabanan district. This handling relates to the response time of fire brigade, who must be able to arrive at the location after 15 minutes from received fire report. Travel time from existing fire station to other remote districts will take more than 15 minutes. This is considered to result in delays in handling fire disasters—the impact of adding new fire fighting posts in other sub-districts outside Tabanan District. However, setting up a fire station in every sub-district in Tabanan district will impact the number of costs that need to be incurred for constructing fire station. Therefore, to overcome these problems, a location optimization method is required to provide aspects of effectiveness of planning the establishment of a new fire station. The set covering problem can overcome this problem, providing the optimal number of fire stations by considering the distance travelled. This method will give results in the form of the optimal number of fire stations so can cover all areas with a response time of 15 minutes. This study uses two-speed data obtained from interviews with Tabanan districts Fire Department and speed data obtained from google maps. This study also uses the support of the QGIS application to determine the distance between sub-districts and uses the centroid point as the midpoint utilized to draw the line between the sub-districts.
How to Cite
Pribadi, O. S., Sugianto, S., Suryana, I. K. ., & Darmaji, A. W. I. (2022). Optimization of Firefighting Posts in Tabanan District. RSF Conference Series: Engineering and Technology, 2(2), 25–36. https://doi.org/10.31098/cset.v2i2.555