Bioplastic Production from Eucheuma Cottoni


  • Mahreni Mahreni Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta
  • Yuli Ristianingsih Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta
  • Asep Saefudin Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta
  • Affifuroyan Aflah Akmal Staff at Private Institution
  • Annisa Hindun Narullita Staff at Private University



Plastic waste has become a global problem because it causes environmental pollution. This is because plastic waste is difficult to decompose. There have been numerous solutions proposed, one of which is theuse of bioplastics. In this research, the bioplastics were made from third- generation biomass, namely the eucheuma cottoni. Eucheuma cottoni is contains biopolymer carrageenan, a carbohydrate with unit structures consisting of d-galactose and 3,6 anhydrogalactose with glycosidic bonds. Goal this research is study the effects of sorbitol plasticizer content and bioplastics manufacturing temperature on bioplastics, tensile strength, elongation, and biodegradation rate. The bioplastics were made by extracting 10 grams of eucheuma cottoni powder in 200 ml of distilled water. The algae extract was added with sorbitol (plasticizer) and heated at various temperatures from 45°C until 60°C. The mixture was poured into a mold tin and dried in the oven to a constant weight. The resulting bioplastics were then characterized to determine the tensile strength and biodegradation rate. The results showed that increasing the plasticizer content from 3.5% reduced the tensile strength, however, it increased the elongation and biodegradation rate. The optimal plasticizer content was 4% with a tensile strength value of 4.8309 Mpa, elongation of 24.1548%, and biodegradation rate of 26.9392%. The temperature variable showed that increasing the temperature of making bioplastics could reduce tensile strength, increase elongation and biodegradation rate of bioplastics. The optimum temperature for making bioplastics at 45oC obtained a tensile strength of6.28 Mpa and an elongation of 20.67%. The biodegradation rate was 39.6665%, and the best sorbitol content was received at 4%.




How to Cite

Mahreni, M., Ristianingsih, Y., Saefudin, A., Akmal, A. A., & Narullita, A. H. (2022). Bioplastic Production from Eucheuma Cottoni. RSF Conference Series: Engineering and Technology, 1(1), 661–668.