Village-Level Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) on Solid Waste Management in Penampang, Sabah
Keywords:KAP, knowledge, attitude and practice, solid waste management, solid waste management campaign, citizen participation
AbstractThere Exploring the levels of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the citizen is an initial step towards designing comprehensive and participative solid waste management strategies, programs, and policies. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to capture the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on solid waste management from a total of 107 respondents in Penampang Proper Village, Penampang, Sabah, Malaysia. The study determined the relationship of the independent variables (year of birth, gender, education, and employment) with the dependent variables (KAP) using the Kruskal Wallis correlation test. Relationships were tested at 0.05 levels of significance and Spearman Rho correlation was used to test the relationship between the KAP variables at 0.01 levels of significance. It was found out that most respondents have excellent levels of KAP but none of the independent variables has a significant relationship to the KAP levels. However, the respondents' year of birth and educational level has a significant relationship to their practice level. Spearman Rho test also reveals that knowledge and attitude have a positive correlation with each other. The findings, therefore, may be useful to assist local campaigners in planning message materials, platforms and input to further increase citizen participation
Abdul Malik, N.K., Abdullah S. H., and Abd Manaf, L. (2015). Community participation in solid waste segregation through recycling programs in Putrajaya. Procedia Environmental Sciences.
Abdullah, M.I.U. (2018). Kempen Asing Sampah Organik di Penampang. Berita Harian. Retrieved from https://www.pressreader.com/malaysia/berita-harian-malaysia/20180519/282677572945247
Ahmad, J., Md. Noor, S., and Ismail, N. (2015). Investigating students' environmental knowledge, attitude, practice, and communication. Asian Social Science, 11(16), 284–293. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n16p284
Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1977). Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research. Psychological Bulletin, 84(5), 888-918.
Ajzen, I., Timko, C., & White, J.B. (1982). Self-monitoring and the attitude-behavior relation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(3), 426-435.
Babaei A.A., Alavi N., Goudarzi G., Teymouri P., Ahmadi K., and Rafiee M. (2015). Household recycling knowledge, attitudes, and practices of solid waste management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.06.014
Banga, M. (2011). Household Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in Solid Waste Segregation and Recycling: The Case of Urban Kampala. Zambia Social Science Journal: Vol. 2: No. 1, Article 4.
Barloa, E.P., Lapie, L.P., and Cruz, C.P.P. (2016). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Solid Waste Management among Undergraduate Students in a Philippine State University. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. Vol.6, No.6, 2016
Beall, J. (1997). Thoughts on Poverty from a South Asian Rubbish Dump: Gender, Inequality, and Household Waste. IDS Bulletin 28, no 3: 73–90
Bieser, S. (2015) Generational perceptions of pro-environmental packaging advantages. UmweltWirtschaftsForum 23(4): 315–322.
Chua H.S., Bashir M.J.K., Tan K.T., and Chua H.S. (2019). A sustainable pyrolysis technology for the treatment of municipal solid waste in Malaysia. AIP Conf Proc 2124:020016. https://doi. org/10.1063/1.5117076
Chung, C. Y., Yeong, W. M., Munusamy, K., Low, M. P., Nair, M., and Ung, L. Y. (2019). Government Initiatives and Public Awareness on Sustainable Environment. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Environment Management, 4(14), 40-50.
Du, P.T. (1995). The Determinants of Solid Waste Generation, Reuse, and Recycling by Households in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Master Thesis. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand
Ekere, W., Mugisha J., and Drake, L. (2009). Factors Influencing Waste Separation and Utilization among Households in the Lake Victoria Crescent, Uganda. Waste Management 29: 3047-3051.
Fishbein, M. (1967). Attitude and the prediction of behavior. In M. Fishbein (Ed.), Readings in attitude theory and measurement (pp. 477-492). New York: John Wiley & Sons
Gumucio, S., Merica, M., Luhmann, N., Fauvel, G., Zompi, S., Ronsse, A., Courcaud, A., Bouchon, M., Trehin, C., and Schapman, S. (2011). Data Collection Quantitative Methods, the KAP Survey Model (Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices); IGC communigraphie: Saint Etienne, France, 2011; p. 5.
Hausmann-Muela, S., Muela R. J., and Nyamongo, I. (2003). Health-seeking behavior and the health system's response. DCPP Working Paper no. 14.
Hiew C.C., Chin Y.S., Chan Y.M., and Mohd Nasir M.T. (2015). Development and Validation of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire (KAP-HLQ) for Malaysian Adolescents. Journal of Nutrition and Health Sciences Volume 2, Issue 4
Li, D., Zhao, L., Ma, S., Shao, S., and Zhang, L. (2019). What influences an individual’s pro-environmental behavior? A literature review. Resources, Conservation & Recycling 146 (2019) 28–34.
Mangiri, A., Iuliano, A.D., Wahyuningrum, Y., Praptiningsih, C.Y., Lafond, K.E., and Storms, A.D., ( 2017). Physician’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza, and highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infections of humans in Indonesia. Influenza Other Respir. Viruses 11 (1), 93–99.
Mat Hayin, N.A. (2017). Pulihkan Sungai Moyog. Harian Metro. Retrieved from https://www.hmetro.com.my/nuansa/2017/08/250473/pulihkan-sungai-moyog
Nahida, A. (2007). Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Dengue Fever Prevention among the people in Male', Maldives. Master Thesis. Chulalongkorn University.
Sakawi, Z., Ayup, S., and Sukimi, M.F. (2017). Pengetahuan komuniti dan amalan pengurusan sisa pepejal di Negeri Sembilan. GEOGRAFIA OnlineTM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 13 issue 4 (126-137)
Sario, R. (2012). Campaign kicks off to clean Sungai Moyog. The Star. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/community/2012/03/22/campaign-kicks-off-to-clean-sungai-moyog
Shorofi, S.A., Arbon, P. (2017). Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among Australian hospital-based nurses: knowledge, attitude, personal and professional use, reasons for use, CAM referrals, and socio-demographic predictors of CAM users. Complement. Ther. Clin. Pract. 27, 37–45.
Schrader, P.G., and Lawless, K. A. (2004). The Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviours Approach: How to Evaluate Performance and Learning in Complex Environments. Performance Improvement. Volume 43. Number 9. DOI: 10.1002/pfi.4140430905
Tatlonghari, R.V., and Jamias, S.B. (2010). Village-Level Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Solid Waste Management in Sta. Rosa City, Laguna, Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 13(1):35-51(June 2010)
Valente, T. W., Paredes, P., and Poppe, P. R. (1998). Matching the message to the process: The relative ordering of knowledge, attitudes, and practices in behavior change research. Human Communication Research
Welsch, H., & Kuhling, J. (2010). Pro-environmental behavior and rational consumer choice: Evidence from surveys of life satisfaction. Journal of Economic Psychology, 31(3), 405–420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2010.01.009
World Bank. Solid Waste Management (Online). https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/urbandevelopment/brief/solid-waste-management. Retrieved 23 August 2020
1. Author and Manuscript
- The author whose name appear in the above statement is declaring that he/she is the author of the stated manuscript
- All of the authors, if any, has already aware of this agreement and give consent for the mentioned name to act on their behalf
- The author stated that the manuscript is original and has never been published elsewhere.
- The author has obtained permissions from other contributors, if any
- The author has specifically mentioned and cited all external materials properly
- Note: External materials refers to any material, writings, figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials which is not being produced, made, or patented by the author
- The author holds the sole responsible should there are any mistyping; unclear citation and holds responsible should there are any inappropriate manners such as unlawful, breaches, obscene, or any other reasons which are not aligned with the law and norm.
3. Deliverable of Manuscript and Other Materials
- The Contributor/Author shall deliver their manuscript using the provided and acceptable format (doc. Or docx) in the assigned date as well as author copyright document signed.
- Inability delivering the manuscript in the stated date and format will affecting the publication process thus, The Publisher have the rights to reject the manuscript and terminate the letter of acceptance or letter of offerings
- Author is responsible to deliver the manuscript using the provided format. Note: All of the figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials that will be inserted in the manuscript need to be in high quality
- Should the author decided to alter the manuscript format, the fee will be charged and bore by authors
The Author give “Yayasan Sinergi Riset dan Edukasi” (here forth known as RSF Press) the unlimited right to publish the contribution identified above, without any restraints, in any form, at any time, directly or through others, to reproduce, transmit, archive, lease/lend, sell and distribute the contribution or parts thereof individually or together with other works in any language, revision and version (digital and hard), including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, audiograms, videograms, electronic form (offline, online), or any other reproductions of similar nature, including publication in the aforementioned book or any other book, as well as, the usage for advertising purposes. RSF Press will ensure that the Author’s name(s) is/are always clearly associated with the manuscript, and the publishers will not make any substantial change to the manuscript without consulting the author and ask for their consent. RSF Press is also entitled to carry out editorial changes in the contribution with the sole purpose of enhancing the overall organization and form of the contribution.
The Author retains the rights to publish the contribution in his/her own web site and thesis, in his/her employer’s web site and to publish a similar or revised version elsewhere, as long as it is clearly stated that the contribution was presented first RSF Press and the corresponding DOI is associated with the contribution.