Biochar Making Machines Design for Increasing Food Security
Keywords:design, prototype, biochar, agriculture, ergonomic
AbstractThe development of sustainable agriculture is one of the steps to achieve national food security. The created agricultural system is demanded to be able to continue for the present and the future in managing resources for the sake of agriculture in meeting human needs. Over time, agricultural land in Indonesia has also decreased due to the consequences of increasing population growth. It is predicted that the depreciation of agricultural land can hamper sustainable agricultural development. Indonesia is included in the wet tropics, where many soils have undergone a further weathering process. This soil has low nutrient content, cation exchange capacity, pH, and organic matter, while for anion exchange capacity, the exchangeable aluminum, oxide, and clay content are high. High levels of aluminum in the soil can be toxic to plants. Toxic properties in the soil, which are caused by aluminum, which can be exchanged on acid soils, can be overcome by using pyrolysis charcoal, from now on better known as biochar. The purpose of this research is to design a biochar making machine to increase food security. Based on the needs, technology, and several other aspects, this research gets to design a prototype of a biochar making machine.
Andriani, M. and Subhan (2016) ‘Perancangan peralatan secara ergonomi untuk meminimalkan kelelahan di pabrik kerupuk’, in Seminar nasional sains dan teknologi 2016, pp. 1–10. Available at: jurnal.umj.ac.id/index.php/semnastek%0Ap-ISSN.
Anwardi, A. et al. (2020) ‘Perancangan Alat Bantu Memanen Karet Ergonomis Guna Mengurangi Resiko Musculoskeletal Disorder Menggunakan Metode Rula Dan Efd’, Jurnal Teknik Industri: Jurnal Hasil Penelitian dan Karya Ilmiah dalam Bidang Teknik Industri, 5(2), p. 139. doi: 10.24014/jti.v5i2.9000.
Cagan, J. and Vogel, C. M. (2002) Creating Breakthrough Products-Innovation from Product Planning to Program Approval. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Glaser, B., Lehmann, J. and Zech, W. (2002) 'Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - A review', Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35(4), pp. 219–230. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-002-0466-4.
Harris, P. (1999) ‘On charcoal’, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 24, pp. 301–306.
Hasimjaya, J., Wibowo, M. and Wondo, D. (2017) ‘Kajian Antropometri & Ergonomi Desain Mebel Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini 3-4 Tahun Di Siwalankerto’, Intra, 5(2), pp. 449–459.
Herlambang, S. et al. (2017) Petunjuk Teknis Pembuatan Biochar dengan Sistem Selongsong Putar. Yogyakarta: Gerbang Media Askara.
Ismianti, I., Herianto, H. and Ardiyanto, A. (2019) ‘Studi Antropometri Mahasiswa Indonesia Bersuku Batak dan Jawa’, Jurnal Ergonomi Indonesia, 05(02), pp. 47–56.
Lehmann, J. and Joseph, S. (2009) Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology. UK: Earthscan.
Lehmann, J. and Joseph, S. (2012) 'Biochar for environmental management: An introduction', in Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology, pp. 1–12. DOI: 10.4324/9781849770552.
Nurida, N. L., Dariah, A. and Rachman, A. (2013) ‘Peningkatan Kualitas Tanah Dengan Pembenah Tanah Biochar Limbah Pertanian’, Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim, 37(2), pp. 69–78. doi: 10.2017/jti.v37n2.2013.69-78.
Nurida, N. L., Rachman, A. and Sutono, S. (2015) Biochar Pembenah Tanah yang Potensial. Edited by Y. Soelaeman and J. Purnomo. Jakarta: IAARD Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.
Nursubiyantoro, E., Ismianti, I. and Wibowo, A. W. A. (2020) 'Automation of drinking water treatment systems in a rural area', Geographia Technica, 15(July), pp. 113–122. DOI: 10.21163/GT.
Patel, T. (2017) 'Importance of Human Factors and Ergonomic Principles in Agricultural Tools and Equipment Design', Journal of Ergonomics, 07(S6), pp. 13–15. DOI: 10.4172/2165-7556.1000.s6-e004.
Rachim, A., Situmorang, A. and Hartono, A. (2000) ‘Konsep Pengembangan Pertanian Berkelanjutan di Lahan Rawa untuk Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan dan Pengembangan Agribisnis’, in Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian di Lahan Rawa, pp. 53–63.
Rifin, A., Supriadi, H. and Sutriadi, T. (1990) Kendala Produksi Tanaman Pangan di Lahan Podsolik Merah Kuning Batumarta. Dalam:Risalah Seminar Sistem Usahatani Tanaman – Ternak di Lahan Kering. Badan Litbang Pertanian dan Internasional Development Research Centre (IDRC).
Santosa, H. and Renawati, P. I. S. (2016) ‘ANALISA ERGONOMI PADA PERANCANGAN ALAT PEMECAH GELONDONG BIJI MENTE’, in Seminar Nasional Teknik Industri UK Maranatha Product Design & Development Preceedings, pp. 37–41.
Sujana, I. P. and Pura, I. N. L. S. (2015) ‘Pengelolaan Tahan Ultisol dengan Pemberian Pembenah Organik Biochar Menuju Pertanian Berkelanjutan’, Agrimeta, 5(9), pp. 1–9. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4549.
Supraptoharjo, M. (1961) Jenis-Jenis Tanah di Indonesia. Bogor: Lembaga Pebelitian Tanah.
Tontowi, A. E. (2016) Innovative Product Design, and Competitive Business Incubation. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Widiastuti, M. M. D. and Lantang, B. (2017) ‘Training on Biochar Production from Rice Husk Using Retort Kiln Method’, Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 3(2), p. 129. doi: 10.29244/agrokreatif.3.2.129-135.
Zare, M. et al. (2020) 'Ergonomics interventions to reduce musculoskeletal risk factors in a truck manufacturing plant', International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. Elsevier B.V., 75(December 2019), p. 102896. DOI: 10.1016/j.ergon.2019.102896.
1. Author and Manuscript
- The author whose name appear in the above statement is declaring that he/she is the author of the stated manuscript
- All of the authors, if any, has already aware of this agreement and give consent for the mentioned name to act on their behalf
- The author stated that the manuscript is original and has never been published elsewhere.
- The author has obtained permissions from other contributors, if any
- The author has specifically mentioned and cited all external materials properly
- Note: External materials refers to any material, writings, figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials which is not being produced, made, or patented by the author
- The author holds the sole responsible should there are any mistyping; unclear citation and holds responsible should there are any inappropriate manners such as unlawful, breaches, obscene, or any other reasons which are not aligned with the law and norm.
3. Deliverable of Manuscript and Other Materials
- The Contributor/Author shall deliver their manuscript using the provided and acceptable format (doc. Or docx) in the assigned date as well as author copyright document signed.
- Inability delivering the manuscript in the stated date and format will affecting the publication process thus, The Publisher have the rights to reject the manuscript and terminate the letter of acceptance or letter of offerings
- Author is responsible to deliver the manuscript using the provided format. Note: All of the figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials that will be inserted in the manuscript need to be in high quality
- Should the author decided to alter the manuscript format, the fee will be charged and bore by authors
The Author give “Yayasan Sinergi Riset dan Edukasi” (here forth known as RSF Press) the unlimited right to publish the contribution identified above, without any restraints, in any form, at any time, directly or through others, to reproduce, transmit, archive, lease/lend, sell and distribute the contribution or parts thereof individually or together with other works in any language, revision and version (digital and hard), including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, audiograms, videograms, electronic form (offline, online), or any other reproductions of similar nature, including publication in the aforementioned book or any other book, as well as, the usage for advertising purposes. RSF Press will ensure that the Author’s name(s) is/are always clearly associated with the manuscript, and the publishers will not make any substantial change to the manuscript without consulting the author and ask for their consent. RSF Press is also entitled to carry out editorial changes in the contribution with the sole purpose of enhancing the overall organization and form of the contribution.
The Author retains the rights to publish the contribution in his/her own web site and thesis, in his/her employer’s web site and to publish a similar or revised version elsewhere, as long as it is clearly stated that the contribution was presented first RSF Press and the corresponding DOI is associated with the contribution.