Addition Of Metarhizium Anisopliae In Organic Fertilizer For Enhancing White Grub’s Control
Keywords:M. anisopliae, compost fertilizer, white grubs, mortality, pathogenicity
AbstractWhite grub pests have been destroyed a lot of plantation of dry land. Farmers rely on synthetic insecticides to overcome the white grubs problem. Concerning the ecosystem pollution, it is necessary to improve the method of preparing M. anisopliae which is more effective on white grub-infested land to substitute synthetic insecticides. The research was conducted by mixing compost fertilizer produced by the Faculty of Agriculture UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta with the M. anisopliae according to the treatment (6.25g / kg; 13.5g / kg; and 20.25g / kg). The pathogenicity test was carried out in a plastic container. Each container is filled with a compost mixture with compost and sand (1:10) and one white grub larvae instar 4. Each treatment consisted of 30 white grubs. The result reveals that mixing compost fertilizer in the application of M. anisopliae was effective in increasing white grubs mortality by up to 16.67%. The greater the dose of M. anisopliae will speed up the mortality time and increase the number of mortality.
Brühl., CA. & Zaller, JG. 2019. Biodiversity decline as a consequence of an inappropriate environmental risk assessment of pesticides
Edes, L., Järvan, M., Lauringson, E., Akk, E., Tamm, K., 2013. The effect of solid cattle manure on soil microbial activity and on plate count microorganisms in organic and conventional farming systems. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci 2: 476–488
Fuchslueger, L., Gentsch, N., Gittel, A., Guggenberger, G., Hofer, A., Kienzl, S., Knoltsch, A., Lashchinskiy, N., Mikutta, R., Hana, S., 2014. Effects of soil organic matter properties and microbial community composition on enzyme activities in cryoturbated arctic soils 9, Plos One. https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0094076.
Harjaka, T., Martono, E., Witjaksono, Sunarminto, BH. 2011. The potential of Metarhizium anisopliae to control white grubs that destroy sugar cane roots. Seminar Pesnab IV. Jakarta 15 Oktober 2011. P: 91-102 (in bahasa)
Haryadi, N. T., W. Jadmiko & S. Hasjim. 2013. Integration of the Application of Metarhizium anisopliae and Insect Pathogenic Nematodes as Biological Control Agents of Lepidiota Stigma larvae that Attack Sugarcane Plants. Fac. Of Agriculture Univ. Jember. (in Bahasa)
Indrayani, IGAA., Prabowo, H., Wijayanti, KS. 2019. The Effect of Addition of Manure and Chemical Insecticide Application on the Effectiveness of Metarhizium anisopliae on white grubs of Sugarcane, Lepidiota stigma. Bulletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri. 11(1):33−45 (in Bahasa)
Lee, P.C & R.F. Hou. 2003. Pathogenesis of Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae in the smaller brown planthopper Laodhelpax striatelus. J. Entomol.9: 13-19
Namasivayam, S.K.R., Aarthi, R., Anbazhahan, P., 2015. Studies on factors influencing the viability of entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae in soil adapting culture-dependent method. J. Biopestic. 8: 23–27.
Ojo, O.I., Olajire-Ajayi, B.L., Dada, O.V., Wahab, O.M, 2015. Effects of fertilizers on soil’s microbial growth and populations: a review. Am. J. Eng. Res. 4: 52–61.
Poerwanto, M.E. & D. Saidi. 2016. The ability of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae in controlling urethra in peanut cultivation. Proceedings of the 2nd year National Seminar call for papers and an exhibition of the results of research & community service from the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of Indonesian economic governance in the ASEAN economic community and enhancing the dignity of the nation based on energy resources and strengthening research synergies between governments, industry & universities. UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta
Poerwanto, M.E. & Mulyanto, D. 2017. The effectiveness of soil tillage in reducing the white grub population in peanut plantation. Techno, 3(1): 71-73
Poerwanto, ME., Solichah, C. 2010. Uretic behavior in compost mixture with tobacco plant waste. Proceedings of the 2010 national seminar on food & energy security. Fac. Of Agriculture UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta
1. Author and Manuscript
- The author whose name appear in the above statement is declaring that he/she is the author of the stated manuscript
- All of the authors, if any, has already aware of this agreement and give consent for the mentioned name to act on their behalf
- The author stated that the manuscript is original and has never been published elsewhere.
- The author has obtained permissions from other contributors, if any
- The author has specifically mentioned and cited all external materials properly
- Note: External materials refers to any material, writings, figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials which is not being produced, made, or patented by the author
- The author holds the sole responsible should there are any mistyping; unclear citation and holds responsible should there are any inappropriate manners such as unlawful, breaches, obscene, or any other reasons which are not aligned with the law and norm.
3. Deliverable of Manuscript and Other Materials
- The Contributor/Author shall deliver their manuscript using the provided and acceptable format (doc. Or docx) in the assigned date as well as author copyright document signed.
- Inability delivering the manuscript in the stated date and format will affecting the publication process thus, The Publisher have the rights to reject the manuscript and terminate the letter of acceptance or letter of offerings
- Author is responsible to deliver the manuscript using the provided format. Note: All of the figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials that will be inserted in the manuscript need to be in high quality
- Should the author decided to alter the manuscript format, the fee will be charged and bore by authors
The Author give “Yayasan Sinergi Riset dan Edukasi” (here forth known as RSF Press) the unlimited right to publish the contribution identified above, without any restraints, in any form, at any time, directly or through others, to reproduce, transmit, archive, lease/lend, sell and distribute the contribution or parts thereof individually or together with other works in any language, revision and version (digital and hard), including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, audiograms, videograms, electronic form (offline, online), or any other reproductions of similar nature, including publication in the aforementioned book or any other book, as well as, the usage for advertising purposes. RSF Press will ensure that the Author’s name(s) is/are always clearly associated with the manuscript, and the publishers will not make any substantial change to the manuscript without consulting the author and ask for their consent. RSF Press is also entitled to carry out editorial changes in the contribution with the sole purpose of enhancing the overall organization and form of the contribution.
The Author retains the rights to publish the contribution in his/her own web site and thesis, in his/her employer’s web site and to publish a similar or revised version elsewhere, as long as it is clearly stated that the contribution was presented first RSF Press and the corresponding DOI is associated with the contribution.