Preliminary Step for Designing an Agent-Based COVID-19 Spread Model in Indonesia
Keywords:Agent-Based, COVID-19, Model, ODD Protocol
AbstractThe spread of COVID-19 disease is increasingly widespread in various regions around the world. The speed of the spread of COVID-19 varies in different areas. This difference can be caused by multiple things, such as community habits, government policies, and climate. Research on predicting the spread of COVID-19 has been carried out using various methods. One method that can be used to model the spread of COVID-19 is Agent-Based Modeling. Through this model, the spread of the virus can be seen from each individual or agent so that the model will look more real. In making models using Agent-Based Modeling, standardization is necessary so that the model description is 8more complete and easier to understand. Standardization can be done by determining the ODD (Overview, Design Concept, and Details) Protocol. This study will discuss the determination of the ODD Protocol in making agent-based models of the spread of COVID-19 disease. The ODD protocol that has been created can be used to build models and coding in the next step in agent-based modeling.
'Arfani, R. et al. (2019) ‘Penggunaan ODD Protocol dalam Mendesain Model Simulasi Penjadwalan Armada BRT Trans Jogja Berbasis Agen’, pp. 7–8.
Eikenberry, S. E. et al. (2020) ‘To mask or not to mask: Modeling the potential for face mask use by the general public to curtail the COVID-19 pandemic’, Infectious Disease Modelling. Elsevier Ltd, 5, pp. 293–308. DOI: 10.1016/j.idm.2020.04.001.
Grimm, V. et al. (2010) 'The ODD protocol: A review and first update,' Ecological Modelling. Elsevier B.V., 221(23), pp. 2760–2768. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.08.019.
Hunter, E., Namee, B. Mac, and Kelleher, J. (2018) An open-data-driven agent-based model to simulate infectious disease outbreaks.
Kennedy, W. G. (2011) 'Modelling Human Behaviour in Agent- Based Models How not to model human behavior Levels of modeling human behavior The science behind modeling human behavior,' pp. 167–179.
Killeen, G. F., and Kiware, S. S. (2020) 'Why lockdown? Why national unity? Why global solidarity? Simplified arithmetic tools for decision-makers, health professionals, journalists, and the general public to explore containment options for the 2019 novel coronavirus', Infectious Disease Modelling. Elsevier Ltd, 5, pp. 442–458. DOI: 10.1016/j.idm.2020.06.006.
Laskowski, M. et al. (2011) 'Agent-based modeling of the spread of influenza-like illness in an emergency department: A simulation study,' IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 15(6), pp. 877–889. DOI: 10.1109/TITB.2011.2163414.
Lin, Q. et al. (2020) ‘A conceptual model for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China with individual reaction and governmental action’, International Journal of Infectious Diseases. International Society for Infectious Diseases, 93, pp. 211–216. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.02.058.
Nuraini, N., Khairudin, K. and Apri, M. (2020) 'Modeling Simulation of COVID-19 in Indonesia based on Early Endemic Data', 3(1), pp. 1–8. DOI: 10.5614/cbms.2020.3.1.1.
Ramadhan, F. and Nugraha, C. (2014) ‘Pemodelan dan Simulasi Berbasis Agen untuk Sistem Industri Kuliner ’, 01(03), pp. 101–113.
Rustan, R. and Handayani, L. (2020) ‘the Outbreak’S Modeling of Coronavirus (Covid-19) Using the Modified Seir Model in Indonesia’, Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, 5(1), pp. 61–68. doi: 10.21009/spektra.051.07.
Saputra, G. W., Irawan, B. and Kusuma, P. D. (2018) 'MODELING AND SIMULATION THE SPREAD OF TUBERCULOSIS BASED ON AGENT SYSTEM,' in ISSN : 2355-9365 e-Proceeding of Engineering, pp. 6267–6275.
Shereen, M. A. et al. (2020) ‘COVID-19 infection: Origin, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses’, Journal of Advanced Research. THE AUTHORS, 24, pp. 91–98. DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2020.03.005.
Wilensky, U. and Rand’s, W. (2015) An Introduction to Agent-Based Modeling: Modeling Natural, Social, and Engineered Complex Systems with NetLogo. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Worldailmi, E. and Ismianti, I. (2020) 'Simulation of trends in the use of e-payment using agent-based models,' International Journal of Industrial Optimization, 1(1), pp. 29–42.
Worldometer (2020) COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC. Available at: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ (Accessed: September 24, 2020).
Wu, Y. C., Chen, C. S. and Chan, Y. J. (2020) ‘The outbreak of COVID-19: An overview’, Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 83(3), pp. 217–220. DOI: 10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000270.
Zuhairoh, F. and Rosadi, D. (2020) 'Real-time forecasting of the COVID-19 epidemic using the Richards model in South Sulawesi, Indonesia', Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology, 5(3), pp. 456–462. DOI: 10.17509/ijost.v5i3.26139.
1. Author and Manuscript
- The author whose name appear in the above statement is declaring that he/she is the author of the stated manuscript
- All of the authors, if any, has already aware of this agreement and give consent for the mentioned name to act on their behalf
- The author stated that the manuscript is original and has never been published elsewhere.
- The author has obtained permissions from other contributors, if any
- The author has specifically mentioned and cited all external materials properly
- Note: External materials refers to any material, writings, figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials which is not being produced, made, or patented by the author
- The author holds the sole responsible should there are any mistyping; unclear citation and holds responsible should there are any inappropriate manners such as unlawful, breaches, obscene, or any other reasons which are not aligned with the law and norm.
3. Deliverable of Manuscript and Other Materials
- The Contributor/Author shall deliver their manuscript using the provided and acceptable format (doc. Or docx) in the assigned date as well as author copyright document signed.
- Inability delivering the manuscript in the stated date and format will affecting the publication process thus, The Publisher have the rights to reject the manuscript and terminate the letter of acceptance or letter of offerings
- Author is responsible to deliver the manuscript using the provided format. Note: All of the figures, tables, illustrations, or any other materials that will be inserted in the manuscript need to be in high quality
- Should the author decided to alter the manuscript format, the fee will be charged and bore by authors
The Author give “Yayasan Sinergi Riset dan Edukasi” (here forth known as RSF Press) the unlimited right to publish the contribution identified above, without any restraints, in any form, at any time, directly or through others, to reproduce, transmit, archive, lease/lend, sell and distribute the contribution or parts thereof individually or together with other works in any language, revision and version (digital and hard), including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, audiograms, videograms, electronic form (offline, online), or any other reproductions of similar nature, including publication in the aforementioned book or any other book, as well as, the usage for advertising purposes. RSF Press will ensure that the Author’s name(s) is/are always clearly associated with the manuscript, and the publishers will not make any substantial change to the manuscript without consulting the author and ask for their consent. RSF Press is also entitled to carry out editorial changes in the contribution with the sole purpose of enhancing the overall organization and form of the contribution.
The Author retains the rights to publish the contribution in his/her own web site and thesis, in his/her employer’s web site and to publish a similar or revised version elsewhere, as long as it is clearly stated that the contribution was presented first RSF Press and the corresponding DOI is associated with the contribution.